Familial ethnic socialization, gender role attitudes, and ethnic identity development in Mexican-origin early adolescents.

Familial ethnic socialization, gender role attitudes, and ethnic identity development in Mexican-origin early adolescents.

Objectives: This study examined the relations between familial ethnic socialization and ethnic identity development in 438 Mexican-origin (n = 242 boys and n = 196 girls) preadolescents. In addition, machismo and marianismo gender role attitudes were examined as...
Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning.

Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning.

Objectives: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. Method:...
Is gender more important and meaningful than race? An analysis of racial and gender identity among Black, White, and mixed-race children.

Is gender more important and meaningful than race? An analysis of racial and gender identity among Black, White, and mixed-race children.

Objectives: Social categories shape children’s lives in subtle and powerful ways. Although research has assessed children’s knowledge of social groups, most prominently race and gender, few studies have examined children’s understanding of their own multiple social...