Explore the latest research and news in neuroscience, psychiaty, mental health and more.

Fourth Ventricle is a platform dedicated to publishing the latest articles related to the brain and mind from across the Internet, and beyond.

 

 

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Neuroscience

Guidelines published for treating PANS/PANDAS

An expert panel has published guidelines for treatment of Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and a subset of patients diagnosed with PAN Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS). The syndrome of sudden onset obsessive compulsive disorder and/or severe eating restrictions, … Read the rest

What Do We Know about the Brain Cancer Plaguing Sen. John McCain?

Last night Sen. John McCain’s office announced the maverick politician had been diagnosed with a type of aggressive brain cancer called glioblastoma. This kind of tumor usually arises from star-shaped cells called astrocytes that make up the supportive tissue of the brain. It is particularly … Read the rest

What Goes On in Our Brains When We Are in Love?

If you have experienced the evolution from having a crush to falling in love, it may seem like the transition happens naturally. But have you ever wondered how we make such a huge emotional leap? In other words, what changes take place in our brains … Read the rest

Psychiatry

New Mindfulness Method Helps Coaches, Athletes Score

WASHINGTON — When it comes to success in sports, coaches and athletes understand that there’s a mental component, but many don’t have an understanding of how to prepare psychologically. That’s where the concept of mindfulness can be beneficial, via a program to help athletes and Read the rest

Why Facebook Is So Hard to Resist

Why is social media such a hard habit to break?

Because it makes us feel good, said Michigan State University’s Allison Eden, assistant professor in the Department of Communication.

She and researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, conducted two … Read the rest

Yoga Effective at Reducing Symptoms of Depression

WASHINGTON — People who suffer from depression may want to look to yoga as a complement to traditional therapies as the practice appears to lessen symptoms of the disorder, according to studies presented at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association.

Yoga Read the rest

Why Are Doctors Underusing a Drug to Treat Opioid Addiction?

WASHINGTON — A drug approved for private physicians to treat opioid addiction is being underprescribed, and a survey of addiction specialists suggests that many of them are not willing to increase their use of it, despite an expanding opioid addiction epidemic in the United States, Read the rest

Mental Health

Swearing is a Sign of the Times

Comedian George Carlin’s 1972 routine “The Seven Words you can Never Say on Television” underlined his generation’s rejection of the niceties and constraints of post-war American society. Seeing how the use of these swear words has changed over time captures the evolving American psyche, according … Read the rest

Neural Link Between Generosity and Happiness Discovered

Summary: A new study reveals a neurobiological reason behind why we feel happy when we are being generous. Researchers discovered the connectivity between the temporal parietal junction and ventral striatum, an area of the brain associated with happiness, was enhanced in people who committed to Read the rest

Flame Retardant Exposure Found to Lower IQ in Children

Summary: Children whose mothers were exposed to PBDEs during pregnancy may have a lower IQ than their peers who did not experience prenatal exposure, a new study reports. Researchers found that every 10 fold increase of maternal PBDE levels was associated with a drop of Read the rest

Genetic Risk for Lupus Tied to Ancestry

Summary: Researchers have identified 24 new genes associated with lupus.

Source: Northwestern Medicine.

Northwestern Medicine collaborated with international colleagues in a study that identified two dozen new genes linked to lupus after analyzing genetic samples from over 27,000 individuals across the globe.

The study, published Read the rest

Blood Test May Detect Brain Metastases While Still Treatable

Summary: Researchers have identified a specific group of circulating tumor cells in the blood stream of patients with breast cancer brain metastases. The finding is helping researchers to develop a new blood test to identify breast cancer patients at risk of developing brain metastasis.

Source: Read the rest

Older Adults with HIV: An Overlooked Population?

WASHINGTON — When it comes to HIV prevention and treatment, there is a growing population that is being overlooked — older adults — and implicit ageism is partially responsible for this neglect, according to a presentation at the 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Read the rest

New Mindfulness Method Helps Coaches, Athletes Score

WASHINGTON — When it comes to success in sports, coaches and athletes understand that there’s a mental component, but many don’t have an understanding of how to prepare psychologically. That’s where the concept of mindfulness can be beneficial, via a program to help athletes and Read the rest

Why Facebook Is So Hard to Resist

Why is social media such a hard habit to break?

Because it makes us feel good, said Michigan State University’s Allison Eden, assistant professor in the Department of Communication.

She and researchers from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands, conducted two … Read the rest

Psychology

Eugene Cullen Kennedy (1928–2015).

Presents an obituary for Eugene Cullen Kennedy, who died at age 86 on June 3, 2015, from heart and lung failure. Kennedy was trained as a counseling psychologist, but his impact went far beyond psychology, spanning 50 years and satisfying the intellectual tastes of a … Read the rest

Steven (Steve) Walfish (1953–2016).

Presents an obituary for Steven (Steve) Walfish, who passed away in Atlanta, Georgia, on April 27, 2016. Walfish was a passionate clinical scholar and educator for independent practitioners. Well respected for his evaluations and consultations (presurgical weight loss, substance abuse, psychiatric issues), he became the … Read the rest

Allan Urho Paivio (1925–2016).

Presents an obituary for Allan Urho Paivio, who passed away on June 19, 2016. One of his many accomplishments was the development of a dual-coding theory. Dual-coding theory, while very influential, has, unfortunately, been discussed all too often as a theory of mental imagery, and … Read the rest

Summary Report of Journal Operations, 2016.

Presents a summary report of journal operations compiled from the 2016 annual reports of the Council of Editors and from Central Office records. Also includes a summary report of division journal operations compiled from the 2016 annual reports of the division journal editors. (PsycINFO Database … Read the rest

Academic Paper Submissions
The latest in academic journal submissions related to the brain and mind across various journals.