I will begin by proposing a taxonomy of taxonomic positions regarding the mind-brain: localism, wholism, revisionism, and contextualism, and will go on to focus on the last position. Although some versions of contextualism have been defended by various writers in neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy, these researchers largely limit themselves to a version of neural contextualism: different brain regions perform different functions in different neural contexts. Other versions of contextualism have not been given their due, namely environmental, developmental, and evolutionary contextualism. According to environmental contextualism, for example, the psychological functions carried out by various neural regions can only be identified and individuated against a backdrop of synchronic and diachronic environmental circumstances. While this idea may seem innocuous enough, it implies that the same neural regions can subserve different psychological functions relative to different environmental contexts, leading to crosscutting psycho-neural mappings. I will try to illustrate how this can occur with reference to recent research on episodic memory, including work on pattern separation and completion, reconsolidation, and constructivism.

Rotman 2016 Annual Conference: Rethinking the Taxonomy of Psychology (#RTPWorkshop)
April 15-17, 2016

Muhammad Ali Khalidi, York University

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Channel: Rotman Institute of Philosophy
Categories: Rotman Institute of Philosophy,Videos
Video Views: 128 views
Original Publish Date: Published on May 2, 2016
Source URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9R1QFcv2gDw&index=8&list=PLkMaaEPd7InKC1fwi_-ey92bFk-JtU2su

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