Videos

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are commonly used to treat anxiety disorders and sleep disorders. They are thought to exert their effects in the brain by acting at receptors for the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA. In this video, I cover the the mechanism of action...

VIDEO: Plenary Session: Rethinking the Taxonomy of Psychology

The Rotman 2016 Annual Conference, Rethinking the Taxonomy of Psychology, took place on April 15-17, 2016 in London, Ontario. The plenary session was held on the final day.View further details on the workshop website: https://rethinkingthetaxonomyofpsycho...Visit the...

VIDEO: Robyn Bluhm: Content and process in cognitive ontologies

Intuitively, it seems obvious that some studies in cognitive neuroscience focus on the content of mental states (e.g., studies of emotion processing that distinguish among different emotions), while other examine kinds of mental processes regardless of content (e.g.,...

VIDEO: Russell Poldrack: Ontology-based decoding of neuroimaging data

I will discuss ongoing work that is using ontologies to better decode psychological functions from neuroimaging data. I will also discuss how we are using Deep Dive to automatically extract knowledge from the cognitive neuroscience literature. The ultimate goal of the...

VIDEO: Michael Anderson: Why Rethink the Taxonomy of Psychology?

In this talk, I summarize an emerging debate in the cognitive sciences over the right taxonomy for understanding cognition -- the right theory of and vocabulary for describing the structure of the mind -- and the proper role of neuroscientific evidence in specifying...

VIDEO: Adina Roskies: Predictive coding and psychological taxonomy

I will address the way in which predictive coding theories of brain function might bear on the question of what our cognitive ontologies (or psychological taxonomies) are. To what extent does this theory force us to reevaluate our conceptions of the joints of nature...

VIDEO: Paul Thagard: Conceptual Change in the Brain Revolution

All scientific revolutions involve substantial conceptual change, including dramatic changes in taxonomies (Thagard 1992, 2014). The accumulating evidence that mental processes are brain processes is also revolutionary, and this talk will discuss the attendant...

VIDEO: Rythm, Quentin Soulet

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Quentin Soulet from Rythm pitches at The Brain Forum 2016.About RythmRythm is a leading neurotechnology startup based in Paris and San Francisco, with a 50 people team. They are...

VIDEO: Neuroscience and mental health, challenges and opportunities

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org This session broaches the challenges that mental diseases pose in terms of socioeconomic burden, public health and better management of patients. This session also focuses on...

VIDEO: Transforming mental health through research, Dr. Sophie Dix

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Dr. Sophie Dix from MQ introduces MQ as the first major charity that raises funds to invest in scientific research for mental health. They have been set up to tackle the major...

VIDEO: Searching for new mechanisms and pathways, Prof. Julio Licino

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Prof. Julio Licino from the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute argues that the microbiota–gut–brain axis is fully bidirectional, functioning in a manner...

VIDEO: Act like you mean it

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org“Act like you mean it”, a reworking of Romeo and Juliet celebrating neuroscience in the 400th year since Shakespeare’s death. During this lecture performance, the authenticity of...

VIDEO: The Blue and Human Brain Projects, Prof. Henry Markram

27 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Prof. Henry Markram explains how the central vision for the Human Brain Project - reconstructing and simulating the human brain - was developed based on the research strategy...

VIDEO: Lessons in practical machine intelligence, Dr. Greg Corrado

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Dr. Greg Corrado from Google gives an introduction to artificial intelligence, describes how it relates to machine learning, and then introduces artificial neural networks. He...

VIDEO: The Brain Forum 2016 Innovation Award, Winners

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org The Brain Forum Innovation Award offered opportunities for early-stage startups to connect with leading experts in brain research, as well as with investors interested in the...

VIDEO: Polyneuron, Ruben Herrendorff

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Ruben Herrendorff from Polyneuron pitches at The Brain Forum 2016.About PolyneuronPolyneuron is a Swiss biotech company developing a new drug class for the targeted treatment of...

VIDEO: The Brain Forum 2016 opening speech, Mrs. Suad Juffali

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Mrs. Suad Husseini Juffali is the Chair of The Brain Forum Board of Foundation and Managing Director of The Ahmed Juffali Benevolent Foundation. She is also the co-founder of the...

VIDEO: The Brain Forum 2016 press conference

26 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Researchers, engineers, healthcare professionals, entrepreneurs, industrialists, investors, funding agencies and policy makers meet at The Brain Forum 2016, to advance our...

VIDEO: Neurotechnologies in model systems

27 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org This session addresses questions on how to link circuit activity behaviour. Latest generation tools to observe neural function with cellular resolution as well as approaches to...

VIDEO: The neural circuitry of sex and violence, Prof. David Anderson

27 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Animals often have to make rapid decisions between different, competing behaviours, such as fighting, mating, or freezing. These decisions are controlled by sensory cues, the...

VIDEO: The Brain Forum 2016 overview

26 and 27 May 2016, SwissTech Convention Center, Lausanne, SwitzerlandWebsite: thebrainforum.org Researchers, engineers, healthcare professionals, entrepreneurs, industrialists, investors, funding agencies and policy makers meet at The Brain Forum 2016, to advance our...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Caffeine

Caffeine is the most widely-used mind-altering substance in the world. Although it's not completely clear how caffeine causes the stimulant effects it's well-known for, it's thought most of those effects are traceable back to its action as an antagonist at receptors...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Corpus Callosum

In this video, I discuss the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum is the largest collection of white matter in the brain. It connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres and acts as an important pathway for communication between the two hemispheres. In this video,...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Long-Term Depression (LTD)

Long-term depression, or LTD, is a process by which synaptic connections between neurons are weakened. Although the functions of LTD are not completely understood, it may be important to memory formation---perhaps by resetting previous synaptic changes to allow for...

VIDEO: 2 Minute Neuroscience: Serotonin

In this video, I discuss the neurotransmitter serotonin. I cover serotonin synthesis, the primary location of serotonin-producing neurons, serotonin receptors, and functions of serotonin.TRANSCRIPT:Welcome to 2 minute neuroscience, where I simplistically explain...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Neurotransmitter Release

In this video, I describe the mechanisms underlying neurotransmitter release. I discuss how calcium influx is thought to play a role in mobilizing and preparing synaptic vesicles for neurotransmitter release, and I cover the hypothesized mechanism by which vesicles...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP)

Long-term potentiation, or LTP, is a process by which connections between neurons become stronger with frequent activation. LTP is thought to be a way in which the brain changes in response to experience, and thus may be an mechanism underlying learning and memory. In...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Dopamine

Dopamine is a monoamine and catecholamine neurotransmitter with many functions in the nervous system ranging from movement to lactation. In this video, I discuss dopamine synthesis, areas of the brain where dopamine neurons are concentrated, dopamine pathways,...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive loss of motor function. ALS affects upper motor neurons and lower motor neurons. As these motor neurons stop working, muscles also begin to atrophy; this...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Pineal Gland

The pineal gland is a pine cone shaped structure located in the diencephalon whose main function is the secretion of melatonin, a hormone that is best known for its role in regulating circadian rhythms. The pineal gland secretes melatonin throughout the 24-hour cycle,...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Primary Somatosensory Cortex

In this video, I discuss the primary somatosensory cortex. The primary somatosensory cortex is responsible for processing somatic sensations, or sensations from the body that include touch, proprioception (i.e. the position of the body in space), nociception (i.e....

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Suprachiasmatic Nucleus

The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) are thought to be involved with maintaining circadian rhythms, or biological patterns that follow a 24-hour cycle. To accomplish this, the cells of the SCN contain biological clocks. In this video, I discuss the molecular mechanism...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Nucleus Accumbens

In this video, I discuss the nucleus accumbens. The nucleus accumbens is located in the basal forebrain, and is the major component of the ventral striatum. Although it is best known as a key structure in the reward system, the role of the nucleus accumbens in reward...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA)

In this video, I discuss the ventral tegmental area, or VTA. The VTA is one of the two largest dopaminergic regions of the brain (the other being the substantia nigra). Dopamine neurons leave the VTA in several different pathways and project throughout the brain. Two...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Medulla Oblongata

In this video, I discuss the medulla oblongata. The medulla is part of the brainstem and is responsible for a number of important functions. It is involved with regulating cardiovascular and respiratory functions as well as a variety of reflexive actions like...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Vestibular System

The vestibular system is a sensory system that is essential to normal movement and equilibrium. In this video, I discuss the vestibular labyrinth---the primary structure of the vestibular system, which consists of the semicircular canals, ampullae, and otolith organs....

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Amygdala

In this video, I discuss the amygdala. The amygdala is a collection of nuclei found in the temporal lobe; it is best known for its role in fear and threat detection, but its full range of functions is much more diverse. I discuss some of the major nuclei of the...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Striatum

In this video, I discuss the striatum. The term striatum is used to refer collectively to the caudate nucleus, putamen, and nucleus accumbens. The striatum is one of the primary structures of the basal ganglia, a group of structures best known for their role in...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Epilepsy

In this video, I discuss epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic condition characterized by recurrent seizures. Seizures are characterized by excessive neural activity, which is caused by both increased action potential firing rates and increased synchronous firing (i.e. many...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Multiple Sclerosis

In this video, I discuss multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a central nervous system disorder that can create a variety of symptoms ranging from visual disturbances to paralysis. It is characterized by damage to myelin, the insulatory material that surrounds...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Alzheimer’s Disease

In this video, I discuss Alzheimer's disease---the most common form of neurodegenerative disease. In addition to the widespread neurodegeneration that occurs in Alzheimer's disease, there are specific neurobiological abnormalities that appear in the brains of...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Parkinson’s Disease

In this video, I discuss Parkinson's disease---the second most common neurodegenerative disease behind Alzheimer's disease. Parkinson's disease is associated with the degeneration and death of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra. The substantia nigra is a region...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Glutamate

***CORRECTION*** at :57---K+ generally flows out of neurons because there are already high levels of K+ concentrated inside neurons, which makes it more difficult for K+ to enter. Ca2+ is the other positively charged ion that may enter the cell through the glutamate...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: GABA

In this video I discuss the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA. GABA is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human nervous system; its effects generally involve making neurons less likely to fire action potentials or release neurotransmitters....

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Neuromuscular Junction

In this video I discuss the neuromuscular junction. The term neuromuscular junction refers to a synapse between a motor neuron and muscle fiber; activity here is essential for muscle contraction and thus movement. At the neuromuscular junction, the synaptic boutons of...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Knee-jerk Reflex

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the knee-jerk reflex. The knee-jerk reflex, also known as the patellar reflex, is a simple reflex that causes the contraction of the quadriceps muscle when...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Substantia Nigra

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video I discuss the substantia nigra. I describe the two regions that make up the substantia nigra: the substantia nigra pars compacta and the substantia nigra pars...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Corticospinal Tract

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video I discuss the corticospinal tract, a major tract that carries movement-related information from the motor cortex to the spinal cord. I discuss upper and lower motor...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Basal Ganglia

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video I discuss the group of structures known as the basal ganglia, which includes the caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and subthalamic nucleus. I...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Motor Cortex

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the motor cortex. I describe the location and functions of the primary motor cortex and the nonprimary motor cortex, which is often divided into the...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Cerebellum

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the cerebellum. I describe the location of the cerebellum in the nervous system and its role in facilitating movement. I cover the different regions of the...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Effects of Cocaine

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the effects of cocaine on the brain. I describe cocaine's primary mechanism of action, which involves inhibition of the reuptake of monoamine...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Blood-Brain Barrier

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the blood-brain barrier, a complex that surrounds most of the blood vessels in the brain and protects the brain from potentially dangerous substances that...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Myelin

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss myelin, an insulatory layer that covers the axons of many neurons in the nervous system. I describe myelin's role in promoting efficient neuronal signaling,...

VIDEO: Brain Messengers: The Inaugural Arthur M. Sackler Lecture

In this National Academy of Sciences program, Solomon H. Snyder, professor of neuroscience at the John Hopkins University School of Medicine, discusses the panorama of signaling systems to look at the astonishing diversity of recently identified chemical messengers...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: HPA Axis

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal, or HPA, axis, which plays an important role in our stress response. I describe the components of the HPA axis...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: Pain and the Anterolateral System

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss pain and the anterolateral system. I describe the three main pathways of the anterolateral system: the spinothalamic tract, spinoreticular, and...

VIDEO: Mapping Memory in the Brain

Eric R. Kandel, Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, probes into the mind to demonstrate how it is much more complex than just a series of processes carried out by the brain. The brain produces our every emotional, intellectual and athletic act. It allows us...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: The Cochlea

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the cochlea. I describe the passage of sound waves through the ear, which leads to the depression of the oval window, a structure found in the wall of the...

VIDEO: Building Brains: The Molecular Logic of Neural Circuits

Thomas M. Jessel, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator, explores the human brain, the sophisticated product of 500 million years of vertebrate evolution, assembled during just nine months of embryonic development. The functions encoded by its trillion nerve...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: The Retina

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I cover the retina. I discuss the five major types of neurons found in the retina: photoreceptor cells (i.e. rods and cones), bipolar cells, ganglion cells,...

VIDEO: 2-Minute Neuroscience: The Hippocampus

In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I cover the hippocampus. I discuss its location in the temporal lobe as well as the other structures that surround it and make up the hippocampal formation, such as...

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